Caserta is a very old city; It was built in a natural archaeological area where Etruscans, Romans and Sunnis have left evidence of their presence.
Caserta has an important cultural heritage: The Belvedere of San Leucio (included with the Royal Palace in the list of World Heritage monuments by UNESCO), the medieval village of Caserta Vecchia with its cathedral, the castle and then a large number of churches and other places of historical and cultural significance.
Caserta Vecchia is an Italian medieval village that lies at the foot of the Tifatini Mountains located 10 km north-east of the City of Caserta at. Its name translated from Italian means “Old Caserta”.
Today, the village is primarily a tourist destination. Sites worth visiting consist of the church, its bell tower, and the remains of the original castle. Visitors can dine in local pizzerias with panoramic views of the surrounding countryside
San Leucio is an hamlet of Caserta,. It is most notable for a resort developed around an old silk factory, included in the UNESCO World Heritage sites list in 1997.
In its early days, San Leucio resort was a place for pleasure and a royal hunting preserve, built on the ruins of Saint Leucio church, where an aqueduct carried water to the waterfalls of the Royal Caserta Palace, designed by Architect Vanvitelli.
In the 1750 Charles VII of Naples, selected this place, originally the site of a royal hunting lodge for the Acquaviva family (known as Palazzo del Belvedere), for an unusual social and technological experiment: a different model of production based on technical innovation and alert to the needs of workers. This model was applied to the silk factory with success.
The heritage of King Ferdinand still survives today in the local silk and textile firms, which works on an international scale to elite foreign clients as the Buckingham Palace, the White House, the Quirinale Palace and the Palazzo Chigi.